One thing the world has too much of is trash. How to
dispose of the many tons of trash again and again is a major problem for
many cities. If trash could be made to serve a useful and biofriendly
purpose everyone would come out ahead. Well, that is exactly what Byogy,
a Bakersfield, California enterprise, is gearing up to do.
The company will be able to produce 95-octane gasoline from trash (including manure, garden and landscaping waste as well as food waste) at a cost of just $1.70 to $2.00 per gallon, without any government subsidies or tax credits. In addition to reduced cost and lessened dependency on foreign oil supplies, this fuel has the advantage that it can be painlessly integrated into the existing gasoline distribution system, without any changes to infrastructure or modifications to vehicles on the road. "This green substitute for conventional gasoline," claims Daniel L Rudnick, CEO of Byogy, "is the Holy Grail of biofuels."
Licensed from the Texas A&M University, the Byogy project is being developed in conjunction with the Texas Engineering Experiment Station and the first plant is expected to be operational within the next two years. This process of converting biomass directly into gasoline is unique, as most other such projects convert biomass into alcohol, which is then mixed in with regular gasoline. Another advantage of this technology over the ethanol from corn process is that it concentrates on organic waste products and other non-food biomass, so it does not disrupt the food supply.
While, like all gasoline, this fuel produces greenhouse gases, the biomass used for this process comes from recently grown organic matter that absorbed those greenhouse gases from the air, so there is no net increase. Gasoline from fossil fuels, on the other hand, is based on vegetable matter that grew millions of years ago and therefore does add to the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Ultimately it will be preferable to replace carbon-based fuels with clean, renewable energy sources such as geothermal, solar and wind power, but it can be assumed that for now the world will continue to rely on gasoline to power most of its automobiles. Therefore, technologies that can generate fuel from waste can be considered biofriendly, as it means a reduced dependency on dwindling fossil fuel supplies and a lessened danger of oil spills.
Saving energy is another part of bringing about a greener, more biofriendly environment. One company that is contributing to this cause is Biofriendly Corporation, which has developed the Green Plus® liquid fuel catalyst that provides a cleaner, more linear fuel burn in internal combustion engines, resulting in fewer harmful emissions, increased torque and better fuel economy.
For more information about Green Plus visit the Biofriendly website at www.biofriendly.com.
Peter Verhoeff is a freelance writer who contributes articles on environmental issues for Biofriendly Corporation. More information about environmental issues can be found at http://www.biofriendly.com
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