You are not specifically required to have any vaccinations for your travel to China but travel doctors recommend your routine immunization be up-to-date for: Tetanus-diphtheria (DPT), measles/Mumps/Rubella (MMR), Varicella (Chickenpox). Moreover, if you are arriving in China from a Yellow-Fever-affected area, you are specifically required to have proper vaccinations.
Some other immunizations recommended depending on your age and the area you are going to visit, are: Hepatitis A & B, Typhoid, Japanese Encephalitis and Rabies.
Travel doctors also advise you to see your physician especially one whose expertise is travel medicine about a month before your trip to China. You are also advised to visit a travel doctor if you are going to stay in China for a period of longer than 3 months.
Certain diseases like Avian Flu and SARS have been the concerns of those who travel to China for several years now, but they cannot be considered as major health threats for you in China. However, you may want to consult with travel doctors to see whether or not there is a need to worry in the first place.
One of your other concerns when traveling to China should be the water that you drink or use for brushing your teeth. At hotels and restaurants, there is usually bottled water on the menu. But it is strongly advisable that you boil the water before drinking/using it if you are taking it from the water tap. There might be signs reading the same warning at hotel bathrooms, but even if there is no such a sign, you should still take safety measures. However, it is a relief to know that there are convenience stores almost everywhere in China where you can find bottled water.
Travel doctors also recommend that you avoid eating raw vegetables if your stomach is particularly very sensitive. It is a rule of thumb that if a restaurant is quite crowded, then the food is most probably fresh. This holds true especially if the crowd is of local people.
There are many and most familiar drugs available in China but again, travel doctors recommend you take some items with you in case of minor illnesses. Some of the medicine items that travel doctors recommend you take with you to your trip to China are as follows:
Medicine for headache and
Medicine for upset stomach
Medicine for diarrhea
Having said all about the worries and concerns of traveling to China, the chances are that you will enjoy your trip to China and make the time of your life in this culturally rich country if you take the advise from travel doctor seriously.
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